Three small arteries arising from the femoral artery can be seen a little below the inguinal ligament:
1. The superficial external pudendal artery pierces the cribriform fascia, runs medially in front of the spermatic cord, and supplies the external genitalia.
2. The superficial epigastric artery pierces the cribriform fascia, runs towards the umbilicus, and supplies the lower part of the anterior abdominal wall.
3. The superficial circumflex iliac artery pierces the fascia lata lateral to the saphenous opening, runs upwards below the inguinal ligament, and anastomoses at the anterior superior iliac spine with the deep circumflex iliac, the superior gluteal and the lateral circumflex femoral arteries.