Bacterial vaginosis is bacterial disease of the vagina that sometimes causes an Unusual discharge. Unprotected sex with multiple partners is a risk factor.

Bacterial vaginosis is due to excessive development of some of the bacteria that usually live in the vagina, especially Gardnerella vaginalis and Mycoplasma hominis. Consequently, the natural balance of organisms in the vagina is changed. The reason behind this extra development is unknown, but the illness is more common in sexually active girls and usually, but not always, appears in association with sexually transmitted diseases Vaginal infections may also be due to an overgrowth of the Candida fungus-and the protozoan Trichomonas vaginalis.

Bacterial vaginosis frequently causes no symptoms. Nevertheless, some girls may have a greyish- white vaginal discharge with a fishy or musty odour, and vaginal or vulval itching. Infrequently, the illness results in pelvic inflammatory disease, in which some of the reproductive organs become inflamed.

What Might Be Done?

Your physician may have the ability to diagnose bacterial vaginosis from your symptoms.

Swabs of any discharge may be required and analyzed to verify the identification.

Vaginosis is generally treated with antibiotics, either orally or as pessaries.

Sexual partners should also be assessed for disease and treated if needed.

Vaginosis generally clears up entirely within two days of beginning treatment, but the condition will recur.