Pain and limitation of motion in the shoulder joint, generally subsequent a minor injury, is called frozen shoulder. The state is more common in girls than men. Any harm to the shoulder can wind up as frozen shoulder.

What Causes It?

Frozen shoulder may result from inflammation as an outcome of an injury to the shoulder area. The state may also happen if the shoulder is kept immobilized for a time period, for example after a slight injury or stroke. Yet, most of the time, frozen shoulder grows for no clear motive. People who have diabetes mellitus are more susceptible to the state. The pain likely originates in the muscles around the joint when they go into spasm to protect an injured part underneath them.

What Are The Symptoms?

The symptoms of frozen shoulder frequently start slowly over a span of weeks or months. They comprise:

  • pain in the shoulder, which can be quite intense in the early phase of the state and frequently worse at night-time
  • with time, reducing pain but raising stiffness and limited joint motion
  • in serious instances, pain travelling down the arm to the elbow and upward into the neck.

If you’ve got pain in the shoulder that continues for more than a couple of days, consult your doctor without delay. The more a frozen shoulder is left, the more difficult it’s to treat. It’s fairly common for a frozen shoulder to continue a year or more, but it does constantly get better. It’s a matter of retraining the muscles in spasm to relax – and that takes time.

What Might Be Done?

  • A painkiller or a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) will alleviate pain and reduce inflammation.
  • If the pain continues or is severe, you might be given a corticosteroid drug by an immediate shot around the shoulder joint.
  • You are often sent for physiotherapy, hydrotherapy, massage and heat treatment.

The muscle relaxant sedative flunitrazepam is helpful at nighttime.

  • Despite these measures, your shoulder may stay stiff for up to a year or more.
  • In really acute, persistent instances you may need to have your shoulder extended to its limits under a general anaesthetic.

Whatever the severity of the state, healing is usually slow and may take as much as a further six months after the disappearance of stiffness to be back on track.