Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs that grow on or in one or both ovaries. Ovarian cysts are almost always benign and a substantial percentage of girls suffer from them.

Benign cysts may be subdivided into two important groups. Functional cysts are only little cysts (more accurately, follicles) that happen usually in a girl’s monthly cycles. They don’t normally cause any issues, but there may be several and they may show up in both ovaries. They seldom grow larger than about 3-4cm (1—2in) in diameter and usually shrink back to regular size spontaneously. They’re usually discovered on routine ultrasound screening.
The second kind are accurate benign ovarian cysts, of which the dermoid cyst is the most common. These are most commonly discovered in | Girls in their 30s. Dermoid cysts may
Sometimes show up in both ovaries. They don’t normally cause any problems unless they cause the ovary to twist or if the cyst flows.

Dermoid cysts include immature cells that are effective at growing into numerous kinds of tissue, which is thus not unusual for dermoid cysts to include bone, teeth and hair. In addition , there are other less common benign cysts.

What Are The Symptoms of Ovarian Cysts?

■ Pain during sex.
■ Distressing, heavy periods.
■ If a cyst pulls or ruptures, it results in acute stomach pain, nausea and temperature.
■ Urinary difficulties due to pressure on the bladder.

While ovarian cysts are small, they create few symptoms. Functional cysts disappear without treatment and you may never even know you had them. As accurate cysts get bigger, yet, they may cause pain and suffering and may additionally change your menstrual cycle.
The intense pain of a twisted ovary needs an emergency surgery, so see your physician when possible if you suffer the symptoms recorded.

What’s The Treatment of Ovarian Cysts?

■ Your physician will examine you both externally and internally in order to evaluate the size of the ovarian cyst. Additional evaluations will be organized depending on what your physician discovers, and in your age.
■ These evaluations will likely contain an ultrasound evaluation of your ovaries, plus blood tests and MRI.
■ Laparoscopic surgery may be tried to help diagnose the kind of cyst present and, in younger girls, to remove the cyst if it is benign.
■ In elderly girls, in girls in whom the cyst is too large to be removed by laparoscopic surgery, or if there’s a feeling of malignancy, an abdopiinal procedure will be performed. Both ovaries are constantly analyzed and assessed during operation. If malignancy is supported, it’s customary to remove both ovaries and the uterus (hysterectomy).

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